Pre-Trial Services

MOHAVE COUNTY PROBATION PRE-TRIAL SERVICES

Daily, Judges evaluate and make pre-trial release decisions on recently arrested defendants with little to no viable information. All the while asking, “What are the chances that a recently arrested defendant, if released before trial, will commit a new crime, a new violent crime, or fail to appear for court?”*

Currently, most individuals are detained pre-trial merely because they cannot afford to post the monetary bail, which among other things, creates a disparity between the affluent and the poor even when they do not present a threat to the public’s safety or a substantial risk of failing to appear. Also, research has shown that defendants who are high-risk and/or violent are often released and with no formal supervision.

In response, a Public Safety Assessment (PSA) court tool was developed by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation (LJAF) in an effort to lessen the disparity and offer a "comprehensive, universal risk assessment" tool that can "accurately, quickly, and efficiently assess the risk that a defendant will engage in violence, commit a new crime, or fail to come back to court.”*

“When judges can easily, cheaply, and reliably quantify defendant risk, they will be much better able to identify the high-risk defendants who must be detained and the low-risk defendants who can safely be released.”*

Mohave County was chosen as one of five pilot sites in the state to implement this new assessment tool. Pursuant to Administrative Order 2014-12 the Probation Department has been tasked with implementing a pre-trial program that includes the use of this tool and other evidence based practices.

Progressively, Mohave County Probation’s Pre-Trial Services will develop and encompass both felons and misdemeanants from the Superior Court, the Justice Courts, and the Kingman Municipal Court. This includes the supervision of pre-trial defendants, electronic monitoring, future court reminders, and other evidence based pre-trial practices.

The Release Options Include:

1. Release Own Recognizance (OR)

a) Typically, this population will not be under Pretrial Supervision.

      b) However, this population could be required to be under Pretrial Supervision.

      2. Release with Conditions (see supervision levels)

      a) Bond may or may not be set at Judge’s discretion.

      3. If Released, Maximum Conditions Recommended (Level III)

      a) Bond may or may not be set at Judge’s discretion.

      b) Either a high bond should be set as well as Pretrial Release Level III, or potentially the defendant held without bond.

Pretrial Release Supervision Levels:

Level I

- Defendant is required to report to probation after release.

- Defendant completes a questionnaire to verify their contact information, employment/school, and next court date.

- Defendant is required to immediately report any changes to their contact information, address, phone number, employment, etc.

- PTS obligated to remind defendant about next court date via telephone or in person.

Level II

- Defendant is required to report to probation after release.

- Defendant completes a questionnaire to verify their contact information, employment/school, and next court date.

- Defendant is required to immediately report any changes to their contact information, address, phone number, employment, etc.

- Defendant required to report in person or telephonically weekly while on release.

- Defendant may be seen in the field at least once per month while on PTS release.

- PTS obligated to remind defendant about next court date via telephone or in person.

Level III

- Defendant is required to report to probation after release.

- Defendant completes a questionnaire to verify their contact information, employment/school, and next court date.

- Defendant is required to immediately report any changes to their contact information, address, phone number, employment, etc.

- Defendant required to report in person or telephonically twice per week while on release.

- Defendant will be seen in the field at least once per week while on PTS release.

- PTS obligated to remind defendant about next court date via telephone or in person.

    If you have any questions or any issues regarding pre-trial services please feel free to contact the Probation Department at (928) 753-0741 and ask for the Pre-Trial Services Officer.

 

 

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Mohave County Probation Departments Mission Statement

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Juvenile Intensive Probation Supervision (JIPS)

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